Cancer treatment is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. It is important to keep in mind that cancer is not a single disease and there are about 200 different types of cancer, to add to the complexity each is staged differently and subsequent treatment plan is decided depends on the type, stage and general condition of the patient.
It is important to know that there are 3 ways in which cancer be treated:-
1) Surgery 2) Radiation 3) Chemotherapy or targeted therapy or immunotherapy . Three specialist doctors involved are ie surgical oncologist, Radiation oncologist and medical oncologist respectively.
To treat majority solid tumors (eg head and neck cancer, gastrointestinal cancer) a combination of these three approaches is used.
While in hematological malignancy (blood cancer CML,AML,ALL) targeted or chemotherapy is usually used.
A good treatment plan is important for best outcomes in any type of cancer.